Ultrasound shows a hypoechoic nodule between the metatarsal interspace. Ultrasound had a 65% specificity and a 98% sensitivity for Morton neuromas. Ultrasound is not good at assessing the size of the lesion (1)C. MRI is used to ensure that compression is not caused by a malignant tumor in the foot. MRI is helpful in determining how much of the nerve to resect surgically. MRI has a sensitivity of 83% and a specificity of 99% (1)C. Corticosteroid injection can significantly reduce symptoms. Inject 1–2 mL lidocaine and 0.5–1 mL dexamethasone just proximal to the metatarsal heads. More than 1 injection is often needed, usually once a week × 3 weeks (2). It is a commonly held belief that the prophylactic use of rigid orthotics for young athletes with flat feet decreases the risks of injury in this population. Studies have been performed examining the relationship between flat feet and athletic injuries in the lower extremities and the data revealed that the existence of flat-footedness did not predispose the athlete to lower extremity injuries 2 . Therefore, there is no scientific evidence to support the prophylactic use of orthotics for flat-footed athletes, to prevent future injury. Congenital vertical talus is the most serious cause of flat foot, and the diagnosis must be made as soon after birth as possible. If you have just had surgery to repair a hernia, you may be wondering when you can start exercising again. You also may be curious about exactly what types of exercises you can do that will be safe. Should you do something aerobic? Can you lift weights? What types of abdominal exercises, if any, are safe? Steroids are used for numerous medical uses, including growth stimulation, bone marrow stimulation, induction of male puberty and as a hormone replacement therapy for men with low levels of testosterone. Steroids are available in oral tablets, skin patches and an injectable form. The injectable form is stored in vials. Parasites are a major fear if you have recently traveled in another country. There may be parasites in the water and food that you have picked up along the way and if you are experiencing pain or gastrointestinal problems they may be the cause. Once you have been diagnosed with a parasite there is a three-step process if you wish to take care of the condition with herbal methods. Consult a physician before trying this or any other supplemental method. Uterine fibroids are benign growths that develop in the uterus during a woman’s childbearing years. Irritable Bowel Syndrome, or IBS, is a disorder of the colon that causes abdominal discomfort. Pes planus is when your medial or inside arches are lower to the ground or flat and is also called flatfeet, fallen arches and acquired flat foot deformity. Flatfeet can be your natural foot type or it can develop overtime. The continuous wear and tear on your feet and arches throughout adulthood can cause soft tissue such as the posterior tibial tendon that supports your arch to degenerate. This is referred to as tibialis posterior dysfunction and leads to flatfeet and ankle pain, according to a 2004 "British Medical Journal" article. You Might Also Like Causes and Risk Factors. A gastrointestinal infection is any infection caused by a virus, a bacteria or a parasite, that is characterized by excessive, watery diarrhea and stomach pain. Most often a gastrointestinal infection is not serious, though many can be. People with restless leg syndrome have a neurological condition that causes their legs to move around. Often, people cannot stop this even if they wish. Stimulants, such as energy drinks, can contribute to this condition. Medical Condition. Medical conditions such as tarsal coalition , diabetes muscle diseases , nervous system conditions, elasticity due to pregnancy, injury and arthritis are some of the most common causes of flat feet. Of the 25 patients seen, 21 were available for follow-up. The sample consisted of 17 females and 4 males with a mean age of 57 years. After calculating a body mass index for each patient, 86% were found to be overweight for their height and age,12 24% were diabetic, and 62% were hypertensive. Three individuals presented with deformity bilaterally. Orthotic treatment was determined by the prescribing orthopedic surgeon, usually as an effort to avoid surgery. All patients described varying levels of both medial and lateral pain before treatment, indicating that orthotic management was initiated late, often after bed rest, short leg cast, or pain-management injection treatments failed. Where to start? If you are asymptomatic, don't worry so much. There is nothing you can do short of surgery that will recreate an arch. When you have a flatfoot, it is often a combination of soft tissue failure and boney alignment dysfunction. The biomechanics of your foot becomes compromised. You can still walk but for some, it is not without discomfort. Simple measures such as orthotics and bracing are often all that is needed to rid the discomfort. This also means that shoes play an important role. Every day of the summer I have patients strolling into my office in flip flops and other poor excuses for shoes. Flat foot is the term used to describe the medical condition wherein the foot’s arch collapses. This means that the sole area comes completely in contact with the ground. There are currently around 20 to 30 percent of the population suffering from this condition. These people are either unilaterally or bilaterally affected by these circumstances. This situation is actually not life threatening or is a cause of disability, as long as the heel cord is not that tight. However, it can actually make the person really clumsy and prone to accident.